A limited edition serigraph, or silk screen print, is a print from an edition which is limited to a one-time printing of a certain number of pieces. The artist typically signs and numbers each print.
Silk screening, which was introduced in its modern form around 1907, is also known as serigraph printing. During the process, a stencil of an image is placed on a taut screen with paper underneath. Ink is then spread on top and forced through the screen onto the paper with a squeegee.
Unlike photo-offset, silkscreens (serigraphs) allow the artist to vary the colours and patterns while printing. A different screen is used for each colour in the print, and this results in a print with great colour density and many qualities of the original piece in terms of colour saturation. This also means that only one colour can be printed at a time, making the screen printing process slower than other methods of printing. However, in the fine art world, screenprints hold their high value due to their lightfast, rich, opaque colours, and their hand-produced appeal.
Artists such as Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein became famous for their vibrant, handcrafted serigraphs.